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Their construc-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri7\sb0\sa0\sl-242\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 , location., and fortifications give us some idea of}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri31\sb0\sa0\sl-242\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 system  of   town-planning   too, then in vogue.\super 1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri31\sb0\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 jg^gjggg^^Qg^ t^ jtnatelial progress' of the people}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri22\sb12\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 reflected in the presents received by Alexander}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 le course of his campaign.   Thus, the envoys of}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri34\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Dxydrakai, clad in purple and gold, are said to have}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri43\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw15\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ght for him a large quantity of cotton goods,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri46\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ise shells, bucklers of ox-hide, and "100 talents}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri31\sb5\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 selj" and Ambhi of TaxilS presented to\super 1\nosupersub  Alexander}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri1272\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 talents^ of silver and golden crowns."}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri26\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ^forth-western India was then, as now, famous for}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri31\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ie breed of oxen, of which Alexander  captured}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri26\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 >oo from the Aspasians and sent them to Macedonia}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri2\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 se in agriculture.   He further welcomed a gift of}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri43\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 "fat  oxen" .and   10,000  sheep  from Ambhi.\super 2}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri46\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ntljr, agriculture and cattle-breeding were impor-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri46\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 \'bb\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 ccupations of the people in the Punjab and the}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri4459\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 -west,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri53\sb5\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw13\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 i conclusion, it may be noted that one of the}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri55\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Nourishing crafts then was that of the carpenter,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri48\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ipplied chariots for the army and carts and other}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri48\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ;s for trade and traffic.   Judging from the exis-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri55\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 3f several rivers in the Punjab^ boat and'ship-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri58\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ,g  was   perhaps a  prosperous  industry.   It is}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri48\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 that Alexander used a flotilla of boats for cross-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri50\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Hydaspes and a part of his.troops sailed down the}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri43\sb5\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 inder the command of Nearchos, and one may}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri41\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 bly suppose that, for this fleet the invader must}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri1406\sb5\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ilised native labour - and materials.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li394\fi0\ri0\sb835\sa0\sl-204\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex95\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 this subject, see B. B. Dutt, \i Tom "Planning in Ancient \i0\expndtw6 lacker Spink & Co., 1925), \charscalex90\expndtw0 also \i Hindu Civilisation, \i0 pp. 310-1 i.}\par }